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5 Common Types of Water Leakages and Solutions

According to research, a typical home can lose about 2000 to 20000 gallons of water due to water seepage every year. Imagine the amount of utility bill you will have to pay from unnecessary water leakages!

There is one particular case recently in Singapore. Madam Bavani has put up with water leakages issue in her hdb flat for 9 years. The water leakage from the ceiling of her toilet and has causes her immense headache and problem.

For 9 years, she has been facing problems include growth of mould in her cupboards, electric shock leading to short circuit and temporarily power shortage. The biggest problem is getting sleepless nights due to sound of water dripping from water collecting in a water pail.

In this article, we explore the causes of leakages as well the solutions available to each leakage problem. There will also be links to DIY solutions if the leakage is minor and you want to solve the leakage by yourself.

Here’s a cost guide if you’d like to find out the average cost of plumbing works in Singapore.

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Causes and solutions of leakages

  • Ceiling leaks
  • Ceiling leaks repair
  • Pipe Leaks
  • Pipe leaks repair
  • Toilet Leaks
  • Types of toilet leak repair
  • Faucet, Shower, and Tub Leaks
  • Types of tap leak repair

Ceiling leaks

You can identify ceiling leaks when you see water dripping from the ceiling of your house. It mainly happens when water seeps through the concrete floor slab from house unit above yours.

Most of the time, this occurs in old buildings where the waterproof membrane and screed have worn off, and water can seep through the floor slab.

Get a plumber for your leakage problem

Owner’s responsibility

There is an important thing to note for ceiling leaks. Depending on the type of housing you stay in Singapore, responsibility of ceiling leaks are subjected to different housing rules.

If you stay in a landed property, you will need to pay for the ceiling repair fully.

If you are staying in a hdb flat, according to the lease agreement, the owners of the upper and lower floor units have a shared responsibility in maintaining the structures of your respective flats. In this case, cost of repairing works will need to be shared between you and your neighbour.

If you stay in a condominium or a private non-landed house, you are subjected to the law govern by BMSMA – Building Maintenance and Strata Management Act. According to this act, the owner of the upper floor unit is responsible for the water leakage. Once you notice signs of leakage, you should notify the neighbour in the above unit. If this fails, speak to the condominium management to resolve this issue.

However, if you stay in the highest floor of the building, you can contact the Town Council (for hdb) or condo management (for condos) to arrange a repair for your ceiling.

Ceiling leaks repair

Ceiling leaks repair can be very tricky and difficult to handle if you do not have the expertise. It is best to engage a professional plumber to tackle this problem. A plumber will recommend one or a few of the following solutions:

  • Repair of false ceiling
  • Flood Infusion Method
  • Chemical grout injection

Pipe Leaks

If pipes have been around for awhile, wear and tear can lead to leakages in pipes. Pipes e.g. copper pipe may rust and subsequently burst due to water pressure, causing leakages.

Sometimes, pipes may be clogged with debris, leading to high water pressure and subsequently, burst of pipes. Broken seals, lose water connectors and damaged pipe joints are also common problems of pipe leaks.

Some pipes are not as visible and are concealed within cupboards or walls. These leaks are difficult to solve and you need to get the plumber to fix leaking pipe or leaky faucet as soon as possible. 

Pipe leaks repair

Pipe leaks repair can be very tricky and difficult to handle if you do not have the expertise. This is especially true if the pipe is not very visible or is concealed within cupboards or walls. When engaging a professional plumber for pipe leaks, the plumber may recommend the following methods of repair:

  • Relining
  • Repiping
  • External pipe repair by adding something durable
  • Replacing a section of the pipe

Some pipe problems can be resolved by yourself. If you are interested to DIY, read this article here.

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Toilet Leaks

There are mainly 3 common types of leaks – leakage from the tank, leakage into the bowl and leakage from the bottom.

  • Leakage from tank

You can easily repair a leaking toilet tank by changing out the rubber gaskets around the tank bolts and the spud washer, which can deteriorate and fail due to hard water and minerals.

  • Leakage into the bowl

Leakage into the toilet bowl is usually due to a faulty component in the toilet tank. Here are the common sources of problems:

  1. Toilet Flapper needs to be cleaned, aligned, or replaced
  2. The water fill valve (Where water comes in from wall) is leaking water slowly into the bowl
  3. The small plastic water fill tube is not aligned properly
  4. Toilet water gets too high in tank and overflows 

As the toilet system ages, the components of the system deteriorates in their efficiency and have a higher chance of breaking down. This, it is generally recommended to buy a complete toilet overhaul replacement kit instead of buying the individual flapper, water fill valve, rust proof bolts, small water fill tube, new float, new float metal bar, tank flush lever, new flapper chain, and the rubber seals separately. A toilet overhaul kit is usually inexpensive and will fix all of your toilet leaking issues for a long time to come.

  • Leakage from the bottom

You can easily identify a leakage from the bottom of the toilet when you see water surrounding the bottom. The first precaution would be to stop using the toilet as soon as possible.

The water that is leaking out of the base of the toilet is usually dirty as the water that has been in the bowl when the toilet is being used. There are several reasons why such a leakage occurs:

  1. cracks in toilet bowl
  2. problem with the wax seal
  3. toilet was not set up firmly
  4. leak may be from elsewhere

Leakage from the bottom of toilet bowls can be potentially serious as the water may damage the subfloor, flooring and possibly the ceilings below the toilet.

Types of toilet leak repair

Here is a good guide to fix leakage from tank:

For leakage into the bowl, you can view this guide here:

For leakage at the bottom, this will be helpful in your repairs:

Faucet Leaks

Faucet leaks are commonly experienced in households. Even though it is simple to repair and addressed to, it should not be ignored. A leaky faucet can cause sky high water bill if not fixed promptly, with research showing fixing one can save almost 10% of a homeowner’s water bill.

The typical causes for a leaky faucet include corrosion, mineral deposit on the internal parts, or defective gaskets, o-rings, or washers.

There may be several reasons behind why your faucet is dripping. Below we review some of the most common causes of a leaky faucet.

  • Problem in the o-ring
  • Corroded valve seat
  • Worn out washer
  • Improper installation of washers

To save yourself from faucet leakages, here are two basic rules to follow:

  1. Shut off faucets whenever possible; and
  2. Make sure your faucets don’t drip or leak

Types of tap leak repair

Tap repairs are relatively simple. You can use these methods to easily resolve a leaky tap: 

  • Tightening the packing nut
  • Replacing the packing washer
  • Replacement of handle of the tap

Look at this simple method of fixing a leaky faucet:

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Leakage Detection

It’s important to know what kind of leakage you have before repairing the leakage by yourself or engaging a plumber for a repair. Even if there is no visible leakage in the house, you should be conducting leakage checks every half yearly. Frequent checks ensure that no water is wasted and your utility bill doesn’t miraculously increase.

Read here for easy detection plumbing checks for your home.

Emergency Plumber

If you have a severe leakage problem that is severely affecting your daily home routine, get an emergency plumber who can get solve your problem immediately.

Browse through SGHomeNeeds for a list of 24 hour licensed plumbers that can provide immediate plumbing services and attend to your needs quickly! 

Should it be in the wee hours or you need the plumbing service immediately, check out emergency plumber near me in our directory today.

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Fiona Wu

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